Loss Carry-Back Relief

Clubs, trade associations, management corporations and town councils may carry-back unutilised capital allowances (CAs) and trade losses to reduce the amount of taxes payable over a fixed period of time.

Main Features of Loss-Carry Back Relief

Background of the scheme

To help small businesses cope with cash-flow problems especially in cyclical downturns, a one-year carry-back of current year unutilised CAs and trade losses was introduced effective YA 2006.

New! To help businesses with their cash flow, it was announced in Budget 2020 that the Loss Carry-back Relief will be temporarily enhanced for YA 2020 as follows:

1. The number of YAs to which unutilized CAs and trade losses from YA 2020 can be carried back will be increased from one YA to three YAs immediately preceding YA 2020 (i.e YA 2017, YA 2018 and YA 2019) (“enhanced carry-back relief”).

2. Businesses may elect for the enhanced carry-back relief based on an estimate of the current year unutilised CAs and trade lossesfor YA 2020.

Please refer to the e-Tax Guide on Enhanced Carry-back Relief System (PDF,428KB) for more information on the Loss Carry-back Relief for YA 2020 

Main Features of Loss-Carry Back Relief

1.  Current year unutilised CAs and trade losses are allowed (collectively referred to as “Qualifying Deductions” or “QD”) to be carried back for one  YA or three YAs (for YA 2020) immediately preceding that YA in which the CAs are granted or the trade losses incurred;

2. A maximum amount of $100,000 of current year QD can be carried back;

3. The current requirements for carrying forward QD will apply in the same way when these amounts are carried back, i.e., carry on the same trade or business.

4. The carry-back will be given on due claim.

5. For the purpose of carrying back QD for YA 2020, the carry-back shall be made in the following order:

i. Firstly, to the third YA immediately preceding YA 2020 (i.e. YA 2017);

ii. Secondly, where there are QD remaining after (i), the balance will be carried back to the second YA immediately preceding YA 2020 (i.e. YA 2018); and

iii. Finally, where there are QD remaining after (ii) above, the balance will be carried back to the YA immediately preceding YA 2020 (i.e. YA 2019) 

The excess of QD that are not carried back can be carried forward for deduction against the body of persons’ future taxable income, subject to the meeting of conditions.

    For more details, please refer to e-Tax Guide Carry-Back Relief System (522 KB). 

    Claiming Carry-Back Relief

    To claim the carry-back relief, please submit the  Election Form  (53 KB) as mentioned in paragraph 9.9 of the Carry-Back Relief System  (e-Tax Guide, 522 KB). Please note that the election is irrevocable. 

    New! Option to Elect for the Enhanced Carry-Back Relief for YA 2020 based on Estimated QD 

    To help businesses’ with their cash flow, bodies of persons are given the option to elect the enhanced carry-back relief for YA 2020 based on the estimated QD before filing of YA 2020 Income Tax Returns.  

    Bodies of persons must make the election within the following timeframe:  

     When to make the election Anytime before the filing of the Income Tax Return for YA 2020
     How to make the election

     Submit the following :

    1) Election Form (77KB) for Bodies of Persons for Enhanced Carry-Back of Capital Allowances and Trade Losses; and

    2) Revised tax computations for all three YAs (where applicable) immediately preceding YA 2020.

     

    Once submitted, IRAS will not accept any revision to the estimated QD until the actual filing of the income tax return. Bodies of persons are not required to submit another carry-back relief election form when submitting the YA 2020 income tax return (Form P1) and tax computation. 

    IRAS will review and process the refunds (if any) within 3 months from the date of submission of the election form and the revised tax computation(s).

    Please refer to the e-Tax Guide on Enhanced Carry-back Relief System (487KB) for more information on the Loss Carry-back Relief for YA 2020