Central Provident Fund (CPF) Contributions

CPF contributions made by the employer to the employee’s CPF account are generally taxable when these are voluntary contributions. Compulsory CPF contributions on the other hand are generally not taxable.

Tax Treatment of Employers’ CPF Contributions (Summary Table)

                                                NatureTaxable or Not Taxable

Compulsory CPF Contributions relating to employment in Singapore

Not taxable

2

Voluntary CPF Contributions relating to employment in Singapore, i.e. amount in excess of compulsory contributions to be made by employer

Taxable

3

Contributions made from 1 Jan 2004 relating to employment outside Singapore

Not taxable since the contribution is a foreign-sourced income

Contributions relating to Director's Fees

Taxable

Compulsory CPF Contributions

The CPF Act determines the amount of compulsory CPF contributions on Ordinary and Additional Wages that employers should make for their employees who are Singapore Citizens and Singapore Permanent Residents (SPRs).

Compulsory CPF Contributions relating to employment in Singapore are not taxable.

Voluntary CPF Contributions

Employers may also make voluntary CPF contributions to an employee's CPF account.

Voluntary CPF contributions made by the employer relating to employment in Singapore are taxable . The employer must prepare Form IR8S if there is excess CPF contributions made in the current year and give the form to the employee.

If the excess employer's contributions have been brought to tax and the employer has claimed or is claiming a refund, the employee should forward the completed Form IR8S to IRAS. IRAS will then review the employee's assessment accordingly.

Singapore Permanent Residents (SPRs)

An SPR employee is required to make CPF contributions at a lower rate in the first two years after attaining PR status. After the two years, the full rates come into effect.

If CPF Board approves the application to pay full rates in the first two years after attaining PR status, the full-rate contributions made by the SPR and his employer would be treated as compulsory contributions.

Ordinary Wage (OW) refers to wages due or granted wholly and exclusively for an employee's employment in that month. OW includes allowances (e.g. food allowance and overtime payments) earned by an employee in the month. OW must be paid before the due date for payment of CPF contributions for that month.

Additional Wage (AW) refers to wages which are not granted wholly and exclusively for the month such as annual bonus, leave pay and incentive payments.

Please find more details in the Central Provident Fund (CPF) Board's website .

The AW Ceiling sets the maximum amount of AW that CPF contributions are payable.

The AW Ceiling from 2016 is as follows:

$102,000^ less Total Ordinary Wages subject to CPF for the year

^Equivalent to 17 months x $6,000

Period

OW Ceiling

AW Ceiling

 1 Jan 2016 onwards$6,000 per month 

$102,000 less Total OW subject to CPF

($102,000 = 17 months x $6,000) 

1 Jan 2012 to 31 Dec 2015

$5,000 per month

$85,000 less Total OW subject to CPF

($85,000 = 17 months x $5,000)

1 Jan 2011 to 31 Dec 2011

$4,500 (1 Jan 2011 to 31 Aug 2011) per month

$5,000 (Sep 2011 to 31 Dec 2011) per month

$79,333 less Total OW subject to CPF

($79,333 = 4/12 x 17 months x $5,000 + 8/12 x 17 months x $4,500)

1 Jan 2008 to 31 Dec 2010

$4,500 per month

$76,500 less Total OW subject to CPF for each year

($76,500 = 17 months x $4,500)

 Actual OW and AWWages that are Subject to Compulsory CPF ContributionsTaxable Amount on CPF Contributions (assuming employer contributed CPF based on the actual OW & AW at the rate of 17%)

OW = $5,500 per month from Jan -  Dec 2016

AW = $40,000

Total OW subject to CPF contributions

= $66,000 ($5,500 x 12 months)

Total AW subject to CPF contributions

= $36,000 ($102,000 - $66,000)

Taxable excess contributions on OW = Nil

Taxable excess contributions on AW = $680

[($40,000 - $36,000) x 17%]

OW = $6,500 per month from Jan - Dec 2016

AW = $10,000

Total OW subject to CPF contributions

= $72,000 ($6,000 x 12 months)

Total AW subject to CPF contributions

= $102,000 - $72,000

= lower of $30,000 or $10,000 (actual AW)

= $10,000

Taxable excess contributions on OW =$1,020 [($6,500 x 12)-($6,000 x 12) x 17%]

Taxable excess contributions on AW = Nil

OW = $4,500 per month from Feb to Dec 2016

AW = $50,000

Total OW subject to CPF contributions

= $49,500 ($4,500 x 11)

Total AW subject to CPF contributions

= $102,000 - $49,500

= lower of $52,500 or $50,000 (actual AW)

= $50,000

Taxable excess contributions on OW = Nil

Taxable excess contributions on AW = Nil

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